Tags #theology/proper #📜Permanent-Note #church/equipped
[Feb 27, 2021 at 8:45 PM]
[[Westminster Confession of Faith]]
The ERAS/EFS Controversy – Reformed Arsenal
[[Reformed Dogmatics, Vol. 1 Theology Proper, Ch. 3 The Trinity]]
[[The Christian’s Reasonable Service, Vol. 1 on the Trinity]]
“In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.”
A community of three [[Hypostasis]] or persons who are fully God, unified because they share the same [[Ousia]] essence.
Geerhardus Vos defines the Trinity in five theses, summarized here.
- There is one divine being (contra polytheists)
- There are three persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
- The three persons are the one God, yet are distinguished from one another
- Though the persons of the Trinity are the same substance, there is an order of to them. The Father is the first, the Son the second, and the Holy Spirit the third. Though the way God chooses operate is the Father through the Son and the Father and Son work through the Spirit, there is no subordination in the divine substance.
- Vos affirms a simple Trinity, that is, God is not divided into parts, nor is anything beside God. “Each of these persons possesses the entire divine substance” (Vos, 2012, p. 44)
Each Person is coequal and the divine Being in the full sense of the word, existing in such a manner. Therefore whenever Scripture refers to the Persons of the Trinity it speaks of three, and whenever it refers to the divine essence existing in three Persons, it states that these three are one (1 John 5:7). (à Brakel, 2012, p. 144-145).
References to The Trinity
See also [[The Three in One]] for an overview of how God can be three persons in one essence.
Historic creeds of the church also flesh out a Christian understanding of the Trinity.